You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of November

  • Quiz1
  • Quiz2
  • Quiz3
  • Quiz4

巻き

do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 1st day of the 11th month in the 5th year of Empress Jito's reign (691)?
(November 29 by the solar calendar)

Inabuchi, Asuka Village

Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


answer

【Answer】

The "Daijosai" ceremony for Empress Jito's accession to the throne was held on the 1st day of the 11th month in the 5th year of Empress Jito's reign (November 29, 691 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

"Niinamesai" is a ceremony in which Emperor offers the new harvest to Amaterasu Omikami and other gods on heaven and earth. The first Niinamesai after the enthronement of an emperor is called "Daijosai". The most recent Daijosai ceremony was held on November 22 and 23, 1990.

View of autumn colored leaves at Tanzan-jinja Shrine


Credit:Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


【Reference】
"Niinamesai" ceremonies are annually performed at the Imperial Household, and at many Shinto shrines around Japan. In Nara Prefecture, they are held at Kashihara-jingu, Tanzan-jinja, Kasuga-taisha, and other shrines on November 23 (holiday) every year.

Question:
What happened on the 12th day of the 11th month in the 9th year of Emperor Tenmu's reign (680)?
(December 1 by the solar calendar)

Toin Hall at Yakushi-ji Temple

Courtesy of Yakushi-ji Temple


answer

【Answer】

On the 12th day of the 11th month in the 9th year of Emperor Tenmu (December 11, 680 by the solar calendar), Emperor Tenmu decided to build Yakushi-ji Temple in order to help the Empress recover from illness.

【interpretation】

The construction of the temple began on the orders of Emperor Tenmu and was completed during the time of Empress Jito's reign. At the time of the capital's transfer to Heijo-kyo, the temple was also moved to its present location in Nishino-kyo. Along with Toshodai-ji and other historic temples, it was registered as a World Heritage Site in 1998.

The East and West Pagodas at Yakushi-ji Temple (*The East Pagoda is currently under repair work.)


Credit:Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


【Reference】
Access to Yakushi-ji Temple:
From Osaka Namba Station (Kintetsu), take a rapid express or limited express train and change trains at Yamato Saidai-ji, to a local train for Tenri or Kashihara Jingu-mae, get off at Nishino-kyo.
From Kyoto Station (Kintetsu), take a limited express or express train and get off at Nishino-kyo (Some trains do not stop at the station. Please check in advance.)
*About 40 minutes from Kyoto or Namba to Nishino-kyo via Yamato Saidai-ji.

Question:
What happened on the 14th day of the 11th month in the 7th year of Tempyo (735)?
(December 6 by the solar calendar)

Turtle-shaped stone in Asuka Village

Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


answer

【Answer】

On the 14th day of the 11th month in the 7th year of Tempyo (December 6, 735 by the solar calendar), Prince Toneri, the editor of Nihon-shoki (The Chronicles of Japan) passed away.

【interpretation】

Prince Toneri was a son of Emperor Tenmu, and was the main editor of The Chronicle of Japan. He was also a poet, and 3 of his poems were included in the Man'yo-shu poetry anthology.

Ishibutai Burial Mound in Asuka Village


Credit:Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


【Reference】
Asuka Village has numerous historical sites related to the characters of the Nihon Shoki (The Chronicles of Japan), such as Prince Umayato (Prince Shotoku), Soga-no Umako, Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito.

Access to Asuka Village:
Kashihara-jingu-mae and Asuka Stations (Kintetsu) are convenient to travel around the village.
A loop bus (Kame Bus) is available from the east exit of Kashihara-jingu-mae and Asuka Stations.

Question:
What happened on the 24th day of the leap 11th month in the 4th year of Hoki (774)?
(January 14 by the solar calendar)

The Great South Gate of Todai-ji Temple

Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


answer

【Answer】

According to the Shoku Nihongi (The Chronicles of Japan, Continued), Roben passed away on the 24th day of the 11th month in the 4th year of Hoki (January 14, 774 by the solar calendar). *Some say that he died on the 16th day of the leap 11th month.

【interpretation】

Roben was a Buddhist monk in the Nara Period (the 8th century) and played an important role in establishing Todai-ji Temple. After the eye-opening ceremony of the Great Buddha Statue, he became the first Chief Abbot of Todai-ji, and led the temple. Later, he attained the rank of "Sojo", the highest possible in the priesthood.

The Great Buddha Hall of Todai-ji Temple


Credit:Photo by (c)Tomo.Yun (http://www.yunphoto.net)


【Reference】
Access to Todai-ji Temple:
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station, take a city loop bus (Nara Kotsu) and get off at Daibutsuden Kasuga-taisha-mae, then walk about 5 minutes. Or, walk 20 minutes from Kintetsu Nara Station.
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station to Todai-ji Temple, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare:JPY100)

Roben-ki ceremony at the Kaizan-do Hall of Todai-ji Temple on December 16
The National Treasure statue hidden in the hall is displayed to the public on the day following a ceremony.



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