You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of October

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巻き

do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 14th day of the 10th month in the 2nd year of Taiho (702)?
(November 12 by the solar calendar)

Tokondo Hall and the Five-Storied Pagoda of Kofuku-ji Temple

Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


answer

【Answer】

The Taiho Ritsu-ryo Code was made public on the 14th day of the 10th month in the 2nd year of Taiho (November 12, 702 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

The Taiho Ritsu-ryo Code was established in the 1st year of Taiho (701). "Ritsu" were equivalent to today's criminal laws, and "ryo" set out provisions regarding administrative organization, the work of public officers, taxes and labor services from the population, etc. Fujiwara-no Fuhito was one of the main officials involved in its creation.

Tokon-do Hall, Kofuku-ji Temple


Credit:Photo by (c)Tomo.Yun(http://www.yunphoto.net)


【Reference】
Kofuku-ji was the temple of the Fujiwara clan.

Access to Kofuku-ji Temple:
Walk 7 minutes from the east ticket gate of Kintetsu Nara Station. Or, take a city loop bus (Nara Kotsu) from JR Nara Station and get off at Kencho-mae. The temple is close to the bus stop.

Question:
What happened on the 15th day of the 10th month in the 15th year of Tempyo (743)?
(November 9 by the solar calendar)

Great Buddha Hall of Todai-ji Temple

Photo by (c)Tomo.Yun(http://www.yunphoto.net)


answer

【Answer】

On the 15th day of the 10th month in the 15th year of Tempyo (November 9, 743 by the solar calendar), Emperor Shomu appealed to the people of the whole nation to work together and build the Daibutsu, or the Great Buddha Statue.

【interpretation】

The proper name of Daibutsu is "Rushana-butsu", or Virocana Buddha. Some 10,000 priests participated in its Eye-opening ceremony.

The statue of Virocana Buddha at Todai-ji Temple


Credit:Photo by (c)Tomo.Yun(http://www.yunphoto.net)


【Reference】
Access to Todai-ji Temple:
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station, take a city loop bus (Nara Kotsu), get off at Daibutsu-den Kasuga-taisha-mae, then walk 5 minutes. Or, walk 20 minutes from Kintetsu Nara Station.

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Stations to Todai-ji, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare: JPY100).

Question:
What happened on the 16th day of the 10th month in the 8th year of the Emperor Tenji (669)?
(November 17 by the solar calendar)

Main Hall of Tanzan-jinja Shrine

Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


answer

【Answer】

Fujiwara (formerly Nakatomi)-no Kamatari passed away on the 16th day of the 10th month in the 8th year of Emperor Tenji (January 17, 669 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Fujiwara (Nakatomi)-no Kamatari, together with Prince Naka-no Oe (later Emperor Tenji), killed Soga-no Iruka (the Isshi Incident), and played an important role in the Taika Reform. He was given the title "Taishokukan" - the highest honor possible - and the family name "Fujiwara" just one day before his death.

Kemari (kick-ball) Festival at Tanzan-jinja Shrine


Credit:Courtesy of Nara Visitors Bureau


【Reference】
Tanzan-jinja Shrine enshrines Fujiwara-no Kamatari, and holds an annual festival on November 17, the anniversary of his death. This is the shrine's most important festival and a traditional dance with music is performed by the "Nantogakuso" performing group in the shrine's main hall.

Access to Tanzan-jinja Shrine
From JR/Kintetsu Sakurai Station, take a bus (Nara Kotsu) and get off at Tanzan-jinja, then walk 5 minutes.

Question:
What happened on the 22nd day of the 10th month in the first year of Empress Jito (687)?
(December 4 by the solar calendar)

Hinokuma-no-Ouchi-no-Misasagi Burial Mound

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

On the 22nd day of the 10th month in the 1st year of Empress Jito (December 4, 687 by the solar calendar), the construction work started for Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi, the joint tomb for Emperor Tenmu and his consort, Empress Jito.

【interpretation】

The construction of the octagonal burial mound began in the 1st year of Empress Jito (687), and the next year Emperor Tenmu was buried there. 15 years later, Empress Jito was buried in the same place.

Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi Burial Mound


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
Access to Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi:
0.8km east from Asuka Station (Kintetsu Yoshino Line)

Asuka Village has numerous historical sites related to the characters in the Nihon Shoki (The Chronicles of Japan), such as Prince Umayato (Shotoku), Soga-no Umako, Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito.



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