You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of February

  • Quiz1
  • Quiz2
  • Quiz3
  • Quiz4

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do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 1st day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year of Empress Suiko's reign (594)?
(February 28 by the solar calendar)

Asuka-dera Temple

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

On the 1st day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year of Empress Suiko's reign (February 28, 594 by the solar calendar), Empress Suiko issued a decree to Prince Shotoku and the chief minister Soga-no Umako to protect and spread Buddhism.

【interpretation】

In 592, Empress Suiko became the first empress to rule Japan, and performed her duties with the support of Prince Shotoku and Soga-no Umako. By this decree, she announced the national policy of accepting Buddhism.

Asuka Daibutsu (Great Buddha Statue of Asuka) at Asuka-dera Temple


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
Asuka-dera Temple was Japan's first full-scale Buddhist temple, which was built by Soga-no Umako.

Access to Asuka-dera Temple:
From Kashihara Jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu Railway), take a bus for Oka-dera-mae and get off at Asuka Daibutsu. Or, from the same station, walk about 40 minutes.

Question:
What happened on the 2nd day of the 2nd month in the 21st year of Tempyo (749)?
(February 27 by the solar calendar)

Seated statue of Gyoki Bosatsu

Courtesy of Kiko-ji Temple


answer

【Answer】

On the 2nd day of the 2nd month in the 21st year of Tempyo (February 27, 749 by the solar calendar), Daisojo Gyoki died.

【interpretation】

Gyoki was a Buddhist priest of the Nara Period who spread the teachings of Buddhism to ordinary people and also devoted himself into social work. He was highly esteemed and called by the honorific title "Gyoki Bosatsu".
Together with Emperor Shomu, he was one of the leaders in the project to construct the Daibutsu (Great Buddha statue of Todai-ji Temple). He was ordained Daisojo, the highest rank of the Buddhist priest order, in 745.

Gyoki's tomb (Chikurin-ji Temple)


Credit:Courtesy of Ikoma City Tourism Association


【Reference】
Gyoki died at Kiko-ji Temple, and his tomb is at Chikurin-ji Temple.

Access to Kiko-ji Temple:
A 10 minute walk from Amagatsuji Station, or a 20 minute walk from Saidaiji Station (both Kintetsu Railway)
The closest bus stop is Hanna-sugahara, Sugahara Jinja Mae

Access to Chikurin-ji Temple:
1.2 km southwest from Ichibu Station (Kintetsu)
1 km northwest from Minami Ikoma Station (Kintetsu)

Question:
What happened on the 15th day of the 2nd month in the 1st year of Wado (708)?
(March 15 by the solar calendar)

Imperial Audience Hall at the Heijo Palace Site

Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


answer

【Answer】

The 15th day of the 2nd month in the 1st year of Wado (March 15, 708 by the solar calendar) was the day on which Empress Genmei decided to transfer the capital to Heijo-kyo.

【interpretation】

In the 1st year of Wado (708), a decree was issued to transfer the capital to the land of Heijo. In the 3rd year of Wado (710), the capital was built in Heijo-kyo (now the northern part of the Nara Basin). The Heijo Palace Site is part of the World Heritage "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara".

Suzaku Gate at the Heijo Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


【Reference】
Access to Heijo Palace Site:
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station, take a bus (Nara Kotsu) and get off at Heijo Kyuseki or Nijo Oji Minami 4-chome, and walk about 5 minutes.
Or, from Yamato Saidaiji Station (Kintetsu), walk east about 10 minutes.

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Stations to Heijo Palace Site, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare: JPY100).

Question:
What happened on the 27th day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year of Emperor Tenmu's reign (673)?
(March 23 by the solar calendar)

Supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

On the 27th day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year of Emperor Tenmu's reign (March 23, 673 by the solar calendar), Emperor Tenmu was enthroned at Asuka Kiyomihara Palace.

【interpretation】

After his victory in the Jinshin War, Emperor Tenmu ascended to the throne in Asuka. His wife was Princess Unono Sarara (later Empress Jito).

Supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
It is said that Asuka Kiyomihara Palace was located at the supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace.

Access to the supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace:
From Kashihara Jingu-mae Station or Asuka Station (both Kintetsu Railway), take an Asuka Excursion bus and get off at Oka Tenrikyo-mae, then walk 5 minutes.



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