You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of March

  • Quiz1
  • Quiz2
  • Quiz3
  • Quiz4

巻き

do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 7th day of the 3rd month in the 36th year of Empress Suiko's reign (628)?
(April 18 by the solar calendar)

Kogen-ji Temple (Site of Toyura-dera Temple in Toyura Palace)

Courtesy of Kogen-ji Temple


answer

【Answer】

Empress Suiko passed away on the 7th day of the 3rd month of the 36th year of her reign (April 18, 628 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Empress Suiko was enthroned at Toyura Palace in 592 as the first female emperor of Japan.
She ruled the nation with the support of the Regent Prince Shotoku, and the Minister Soga-no Umako.
She also issued a decree to protect Buddhism, announcing a national policy of assimilating the new religion.

Asuka Daibutsu Statue (Asuka-dera Temple)


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
Close to the Toyura Palace Site where Empress Suiko was enthroned is Kogen-ji Temple. The site of Oharida Palace is also nearby.

Access to Kogen-ji Temple:
From Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu Railway), take a bus and get off at Toyoura.

The statue of Asuka Daibutsu at Asuka-dera Temple is Japan's oldest Joroku-butsu (proper-sized Buddha statue).

Access to Asuka-dera Temple:
Take a bus from Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu Railway) and get off at Asuka Daibutsu.
Or, walk about 40 minutes from Kashihara-jingu-mae Station.

Question:
What happened on the 10th day of the 3rd month in the 3rd year of Wado (710)?
(April 17 by the solar calendar)

Suzaku Gate at the Heijo Palace Site

Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


answer

【Answer】

On the 10th day of the 3rd month of the 3rd year of Wado (April 17, 710 by the solar calendar), the Japanese capital was relocated to Heijo-kyo.

【interpretation】

In the 1st year of Wado (708), a decree was issued by Empress Genmei to transfer the capital to what would become Heijo. The capital was built in Heijo-kyo, now the northern part of the Nara Basin, In the 3rd year of Wado (710). The Heijo Palace Site is included in the "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara" World Heritage Site.

Imperial Audience Hall at Heijo Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


【Reference】
Access to the Heijo Palace Site:
Take a bus (Nara Kotsu) from JR/Kintetsu Nara Station and get off at Heijo Kyuseki or Nijo-oji Minami 4-chome, then walk about 5 minutes.
Or, walk east about 10 minutes from Yamato Saidaiji Station (Kintetsu).

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station to Heijo Palace Site, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare: JPY100).

Question:
What happened on the 15th day of the 3rd month in the 13th year of Emperor Jomei's reign (641)?
(May 3 by the solar calendar)

Yamada-dera Temple Site

Courtesy of Sakurai City Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

Soga-no-Kurayamada-no-Ishikawamaro pledged to build Yamada-dera Temple, and according to the Jogu Shotoku Ho-o Teisetsu - the oldest biography of Prince Shotoku - started its construction on the 15th day of the 3rd month in the 13th year of Emperor Jomei (May 3, 641 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Yamada-dera (also called Jodo-ji) in Yamada, Sakurai City, Nara Prefecture, was one of the temples that represented the Asuka Period. The ruins of the temple's eastern corridor have been discovered and restored, and are now exhibited at the Asuka Historical Museum.

Yamada-dera Temple Site


Credit:Courtesy of Sakurai City Board of Education


【Reference】
Access to Asuka Historical Museum:
From Kashihara-jingu-mae or Asuka Station (Kintetsu), take an Asuka Excursion Bus (Aka Kame), and get off at Asuka Shiryokan.
Or, from JR/Kintetsu Sakurai Station, take a bus (Nara Kotsu) for Ishibutai (Line 37) and get off at Asuka Shiryokan.

The site of Yamada-dera Temple is about 300m east of Asuka Historical Museum.

Question:
What happened on the 22nd day of the 3rd month in the 2nd year of Taika (646)?
(April 15 by the solar calendar)

Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi (burial mound of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito)

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

The Taika Funeral Law was enacted on the 22nd day of the 3rd month in the 2nd year of Taika (April 15, 646 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

The Taika Funeral Law set new rules for funerals in 646. It was intended to simplify the funerals and reduce the size of tombs. The construction of huge burial mounds symbolizing political power gradually diminished as a result, although another key factor was a surge in temple construction.

Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi Burial Mound


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
The photo is Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi, which is the joint burial mound for Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito built after the funeral law was issued. Empress Jito was the first emperor whose body was cremated.

Access to Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi
0.8km east from Asuka Station (Kintetsu Yoshino Line)



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