You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of April

  • Quiz1
  • Quiz2
  • Quiz3
  • Quiz4

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do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 1st day of the 4th month in the 13th year of Empress Suiko's reign?
(April 27, 605 by the solar calendar)

Asuka-dera Temple

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

On the 1st day of the 4th month in the 13th year of Empress Suiko's reign (April 27, 605 by the solar calendar), Empress Suiko ordered the sculptor Kuratsukuri-no Tori to make a statue of Buddha.

【interpretation】

Kuratsukuri-no Tori was a sculptor of Buddhist statues of the early 7th century.
It is said that he also carved the statues of the Shakyamuni Triad in the Main Hall of Horyu-ji Temple, as well as the statue of Shakyamuni at Asuka-dera Temple.

Statue of Asuka Daibutsu (Asuka-dera Temple)


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
Access to Asuka-dera Temple:
Take a bus from Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu) and get off at Asuka Daibutsu-mae.
Or, walk about 40 minutes from Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu).

Question:
What happened on the 3rd day of the 4th month in the 12th year of Empress Suiko's reign?
(May 9, 604 by the solar calendar)

Tachibana-dera Temple

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

On the 3rd day of the 4th month in the 12th year of Empress Suiko's reign (May 9, 604 by the solar calendar), Prince Shotoku established the seventeen-article constitution.

【interpretation】

The document is said to have been written by Prince Umayato (Shotoku).
The constitution taught powerful clans the mental attitudes required as leaders of the country, and also implemented Buddhism as the country's new political philosophy.
Prince Shotoku aimed to establish an administration centered on the empress.

Two-Faced Stone (Tachibana-dera Temple)


Credit:Courtesy of Tachibana-dera Temple


【Reference】
Tachibana-dera was built at Prince Shotoku's birthplace, and was one of the 7 temples built by the prince.

Access to Tachibana-dera Temple:
Take an Asuka Excursion Bus from Asuka Station or Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu Railway) and get off at Kawahara or Okahashimoto, then walk about 3 minutes.

Question:
What happened on the 9th day of the 4th month in the 4th year of Tempyo-Shoho? (May 30, 752 by the solar calendar)

The statue of Vairocana Buddha at Todai-ji Temple

Photo by (c)Tomo.Yun(http://www.yunphoto.net)


answer

【Answer】

The eye-opening ceremony of the statue of Vairocana Buddha at Todai-ji Temple took place on the 9th day of the 4th month in the 4th year of Tempyo-Shoho (May 30, 752 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

The official name of Nara's Daibutsu (Great Buddha) is "Rushana-butsu" (Vairocana Buddha). The grand eye-opening ceremony was attended by the former Emperor Shomu and his wife Komyo, Empress Koken, numerous aristocrats, officials, and over 10,000 Buddhist priests.

The Great Buddha Hall of Todai-ji Temple


Credit:Photo by (c)Tomo.Yun(http://www.yunphoto.net)


【Reference】
Access to Todai-ji Temple:
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station, take a city loop bus (Nara Kotsu) and get off at Daibutsuden Kasuga-taisha-mae and walk 5 minutes, or walk about 20 minutes from Kintetsu Nara Station.

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station to Todai-ji Temple, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare:JPY100)

Question:
What happened on the 17th day of the 4th month in the 7th year of Yoro?
(May 29, 723 by the solar calendar)

Inabuchi in Asuka Village

Courtesy of Nara Prefecture Visitors Bureau


answer

【Answer】

The Sanze Isshin Law (Law permitting temporary ownership of newly cultivated land) was implemented on the 17th day of the 4th month in the 7th year of Yoro (May 29, 723 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

The Sanze Isshin Law was intended to encourage people to cultivate new farmland. Ownership of land was assured for one generation if a person cultivated the land using an existing irrigation system, and ownership for three generations was assured if he both cultivated and built a new irrigation channel.

Heijo-kyo Sakyo Sanjo Nibo Palace Site Garden


Credit:Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


【Reference】
Prince Nagaya was the minister of the right in those days and his residence once stood where the Ito Yokado Nara store is now located. Just in front of the store building, there is the Garden of the Heijo-kyo Sakyo Sanjo Nibo Palace Site.

Access to the Garden of the Heijo-kyo Sakyo Sanjo Nibo Palace Site:
About 1km west from Shin-Omiya Station (Kintetsu)
Or, from Kintetsu Nara Station or Shin-Omiya Station, take a bus and get off at Kyuseki Teien.



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