Quiz of June
What happened on the 7th day of the 6th month in the 4th year of Tempyo-hoji (760)?
(July 27 by the solar calendar)
Courtesy of Hokke-ji Temple
On the 7th day of the 6th month in the 4th year of Tempyo-hoji (July 27, 760 by the solar calendar), the Empress Dowager Komyo died.
Together with her husband Emperor Shomu, Empress Komyo was a devout Buddhist and built temples such as Hokke-ji and Shin-Yakushi-ji.
While Todai-ji was the head temple of all provincial monasteries in Japan, Hokke-ji was at the top of all nunneries. The official name of Hokke-ji is "Hokke Metsuzai no Tera", meaning a temple of the lotus sutra which eliminates sins.
Hokke-ji Temple (Standing Statue of Eleven-Faced Kannon Bosatsu and the garden designated as a place of scenic beauty)
Credit：Courtesy of Hokke-ji Temple
Access to Hokke-ji Temple:
From JR or Kintetsu Nara Station, take a bus (Nara Kotsu) for Saidaiji Station (by way of Jieitai), get off at Hokke-ji, and walk 3 minutes.
Or, from Kintetsu Railway Yamato Saidaiji Station (the north exit), take a bus for Kintetsu Nara Station (by way of Jieitai) and get off at Hokke-ji, and walk 3 minutes.
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Stations to Hokke-ji, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare: JPY100).
June 5 - 10
Special exhibition of the Standing Statue of the Eleven-Faced Kannon Bosatsu (national treasure)
The Bodhisattva statue is on display coinciding with Empress Komyo's death anniversary (June 7).
What happened on the 12th day of the 6th month in the 4th year of Empress Kogyoku (645)?
(July 13 by the solar calendar)
Supposed site of the Asuka Itabuki Palace
Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education
Soga-no Iruka was assassinated by Prince Naka-no Oe and Nakatomi-no Kamatari at the Imperial Audience Hall in Asuka Itabuki Palace on the 12th day of the 6th month in the 4th year of Empress Kogyoku's reign (July 13, 645 by the solar calendar).
After Iruka was murdered, his father Soga-no Emishi killed himself, thus the main Soga family was destroyed. The incident, "Isshi-no Hen" led to the Great Reformation of Taika.
Supposed Site of Asuka Itabuki Palace
Credit：Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education
The Isshi-no Hen took place at the Asuka Itabuki Palace, and the supposed site is preserved as a historical place.
Access to the Supposed Site of Asuka Itabuki Palace:
From Kashihara-jingu-mae Station or Asuka Station (Kintetsu Railway), take an Asuka Excursion Bus, get off at Oka Tenrikyo-mae and walk 5 minutes.
What happened on the 18th day of the 6th month in the 18th year of Tempyo (746)?
(July 15 by the solar calendar)
Historic site Zuto
Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association
Priest Genbo died on the 18th day of the 6th month, in the 18th year of Tempyo (July 15, 746 by the present calendar).
Genbo was a priest in the Nara Period. He went to Tang (China) in 717 to study and brought back about 5,000 scrolls of Buddhist sutras and commentaries when he came back to Japan in 735. Together with Kibi-no Makibi, he became a political leader in the administration of Tachibana-no Moroe. However, he was later demoted and moved to Tsukushi (present-day Fukuoka Prefecture) and died there.
Historic Site Zuto
Credit：Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association
Kofuku-ji Temple has wooden seated statues of 6 masters of hosso teaching (Yogacara) including Genbo's statue that are designated as National Treasure.
Access to Kofuku-ji Temple:
A 7-minute walk from the east exit of Kintetsu Nara Station. From JR Nara Station, take a city loop bus and get off at Kencho-mae. Close to the bus stop.
This historic site is called "Zuto" (literally a tower of head) because it is said to be a tomb where Genbo's head was buried.
Access to Zuto:
Take a city loop bus and get off at Wariishi-cho. Close to the bus stop.
What happened on the 22nd day of the 6th month in the first year of Emperor Tenmu (672)?
(July 25 by the solar calendar)
Reconstructed model of Yoshino Palace (Yoshino History Museum)
Courtesy of Yoshino Town Board of Education
The 22nd day of the 6th month in the first year of the reign of Emperor Tenmu (July 25, 672 by the solar calendar) was the day on which Prince Oama launched a revolt called the Jinshin War.
Jinshin War was the biggest civil war in ancient Japan over the imperial throne, and it arose between Prince Otomo and Prince Oama. Prince Oama came out of his hiding place in Yoshino (Yoshino Palace) to the eastern provinces. Supported by clans from the eastern provinces, he won the war and was enthroned as Emperor Tenmu in Asuka.
Model of the battle in Hashihaka
Credit：Courtesy of Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties
Miyataki Site is possibly the place where the Yoshino Palace existed. An exhibit about the Yoshino Palace can be seen at the Yoshino History Museum.
Access to Miyataki Site:
Take a bus from Yamato Kamiichi Station (Kintetsu) and get off at Miyataki (about 15 minutes), and walk about 5 minutes.
The area around the Hashihaka Burial Mound was one of the battlefields of the Jinshin War. Some people say that the burial mound is a tomb of Queen Himiko.
Access to Hashihaka Burial Mound:
A 5-minute walk from JR Makimuku Station