You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of July

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  • Quiz4

巻き

do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 2nd day of the 7th month in the 1st year of Tempyo-shoho (749)?
(August 23 by the solar calendar)

Empress Koken (Heijo-kyo, the Peaceful Capital) Heijo-kyo History Museum

Courtesy of Heijo-kyo History Museum


answer

【Answer】

On the 2nd day of the 7th month in the 1st year of Tempyo-Shoho (August 23, 749 by the solar calendar), Empress Koken assumed the throne after Emperor Shomu's retirement.

【interpretation】

She was the only crown princess in Japanese history. After assuming the throne as Empress Koken, she held the eye-opening ceremony of the Great Buddha statue of Todai-ji Temple in 752. Although she once abdicated and gave her throne to Emperor Jun'nin in 758, she occupied the throne again in 764 as Empress Shotoku.

Eye-opening ceremony of the Great Buddha statue ("Heijo-kyo, the Peaceful Capital " at Heijo-kyo History Museum)


Credit:Courtesy of Heijo-kyo History Museum


【Reference】
Heijo-kyo History Museum closes for a repair work.

-Access to Todai-ji Temple:
From JR/Kintetsu Nara station, take a city loop bus (Nara Kotsu), get off at Daibutsu-den Kasuga-taisha-mae, then walk 5 minutes. Or, walk 20 minutes from Kintetsu Nara Station.

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station to Todai-ji Temple, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare:JPY100)

Question:
What happened on the 3rd day of the 7th month in the 15th year of Empress Suiko (607)?
(August 4 by the solar calendar)

Envoy ship to Tang China (Heijo-kyo History Museum)

Courtesy of Heijo-kyo History Museum


answer

【Answer】

Ono-no-Imoko was dispatched to the Sui Dynasty on the 3rd day of the 7th month in the 15th year of Empress Suiko's reign (August 4, 607 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Unlike in the previous period of the 'five kings of Wa', the official letter from Japan to Sui at this time claimed an equal position for Japan to Sui, which offended Emperor Yang of Sui. Despite this, Sui sent an envoy, Pei Shiqing, together with Ono when he returned to Japan.

A deck of the envoy ship to Tang China (Heijo-kyo History Museum)


Credit:Courtesy of Heijo-kyo History Museum


【Reference】
Heijo-kyo History Museum closes for a repair work.

Question:
What happened on the 10th day of the 7th month in the 10th year of Empress Jito (696)?
(August 16 by the solar calendar)

Fujiwara Palace Site

Courtesy of Kashihara City


answer

【Answer】

Prince Takechi passed away on the 10th day of the 7th month of the 10th year of Empress Jito's reign (August 16, 696 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Prince Takechi was the eldest son of Emperor Tenmu. In the Jinshin War, he led his father's army and fought marvelously. Because of his mother's low birth, he had until then been ranked lower than Prince Kusakabe and Prince Otsu. However, he was later appointed Dajo Daijin (the highest rank possible to receive) in the 4th year of Empress Jito (690). He led a group of high officials and visited the prospective palace site in Fujiwara, before putting his efforts in the transferring the capital there.

Fujiwara Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Kashihara City


【Reference】
The Fujiwara Palace Site is in Kashihara City.

Access to the Fujiwara Palace Site:
From Miminashi Station (Kintetsu), walk southwest about 30 minutes;
From Unebi-goryo-mae Station (Kintetsu), walk east about 30 minutes;
From Unebi Station (JR), walk southeast about 30 minutes; or
take a Kashihara City Community Bus and get off at Kashihara-shi Fujiwara-kyo Shiryoshitsu-mae, and walk about 4 minutes.

Question:
What happened on the 20th day of the 7th month in the 1st year of Akamitori (686)? (August 17 by the solar calendar)

Model of Asuka Kiyomihara Palace

Courtesy of Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties


answer

【Answer】

On the 20th day of the 7th month of the first year of Akamitori, the era name was changed to Akamitori and the new palace was named "Asuka Kiyomihara Palace".

【interpretation】

It is said that these changes were made with the intention of hastening Emperor Tenmu's recovery from an illness. Buddhist images were made and prayers were offered to the gods. Despite all this however, Emperor Tenmu passed away on the 9th day of the 9th month.

Model of the Ebinoko Hall


Credit:Courtesy of the Museum, the Archaeological Institute of Kahsihara, Nara Prefecture


【Reference】
It is assumed that Asuka Kiyomihara Palace was located at the supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace.

-Access to the supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace: From Kashihara-jingu-mae Station or Asuka Station (both Kintetsu), take Asuka Excursion Bus and get off at Oka Tenri-kyo-mae, then walk 5 minutes



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