You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of August

  • Quiz1
  • Quiz2
  • Quiz3
  • Quiz4

巻き

do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 1st day of the 8th month in the 1st year of Emperor Monmu's reign? (August 25, 697 by the solar calendar)

Fujiwara Palace Site

Courtesy of Kashihara City


answer

【Answer】

After succeeding Empress Jito, Emperor Monmu ascended to the throne on the 1st day of the 8th month in the 1st year of his reign (August 25, 697 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Emperor Monmu's parents were Prince Kusakabe and Princess Abe (later Empress Genmei), and his grandparents were Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito. He enacted the Taiho Ritsu-ryo Code in the 1st year of Taiho (701) and laid the foundation of a political system based on Chinese style "ritsu-ryo" legal codes.

Fujiwara Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Kashihara City


【Reference】
The Fujiwara Palace Site is in Kashihara City.

Access to Fujiwara Palace Site:
From Miminashi Station (Kintetsu), walk southwest about 30 minutes;
From Unebi-goryo-mae Station (Kintetsu), walk east about 30 minutes;
From Unebi Station (JR), walk southeast about 30 minutes; or
take a Kashihara City Community Bus, get off at Kashihara-shi Fujiwara-kyo Shiryoshitsu-mae, and walk about 4 minutes.

Question:
What happened on the 3rd day of the 8th month in the 1st year of Taiho? (September 13, 701 by the solar calendar)

Fujiwara Palace Site

Courtesy of Kashihara City


answer

【Answer】

The Taiho Ritsu-ryo Code was completed on the 3rd day of the 8th month in the 1st year of Taiho (September 13, 701 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

"Ritsu" were equivalent to today's criminal laws, and "ryo" set out provisions regarding administrative organization, the work of public officers, taxes and labour services from the population, etc. Fujiwara-no Fuhito and Prince Osakabe were the main officials involved in its creation. It was the first legal code in Japan that involved both "ritsu" and "ryo", and stayed effective until Yoro Ritsu-ryo Code was established in 757.

Fujiwara Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Kashihara City


【Reference】
The Fujiwara Palace Site is in Kashihara City.

-Access to Fujiwara Palace Site:
From Miminashi Station (Kintetsu), walk southwest about 30 minutes;
From Unebi-goryo-mae Station (Kintetsu), walk east about 30 minutes;
From Unebi Station (JR), walk southeast about 30 minutes; or
take a Kashihara City Community Bus, get off at Kashihara-shi Fujiwara-kyo Shiryoshitsu-mae, and walk about 4 minutes.

Question:
What happened on the 3rd day of the 8th month in the 4th year of Yoro? (September 13, 720 by the solar calendar)

Imperial Audience Hall at Heijo Palace Site

Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


answer

【Answer】

Fujiwara-no-Fuhito passed away on the 3rd day of the 8th month in the 4th year of Yoro (September 13, 720 by the solar calendar)

【interpretation】

As the second eldest son of Fujiwara (formerly Nakatomi)-no-Kamatari, he was a political leader in the early Nara Period. In the 2nd year of Emperor Monmu's reign (698), he was permitted the exclusive use of the family name Fujiwara, and succeeded the political legacy of his father. In the 1st year of Wado (708), he became the Minister of Right. He led the creation of the Taiho Ritsu-ryo Code as well as the capital transfer to Heijo-kyo.

Suzaku Gate at the Heijo Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


【Reference】
Access to Heijo Palace Site:
From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station, take a bus (Nara Kotsu) and get off at Heijo Kyuseki or Nijo-oji-minami 4-chome, then walk about 5 minutes
From Yamato Saidaiji Station (Kintetsu), walk east 10 minutes.

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station to the Heijo Palace Site, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare:JPY100)

Question:
What happened on the 5th day of the 8th month in the 2nd year of Emperor Jomei's reign? (September 19, 630 by the solar calendar)

Deck of the envoy ship to Tang China (Heijo-kyo History Museum)

Courtesy of Heijo-kyo History Museum


answer

【Answer】

On the 5th day of the 8th month in the 2nd year of Emperor Jomei's reign (September 19, 630 by the solar calendar), Inukami-no-Mitasuki and other officials were dispatched to Tang China.(The first Japanese diplomatic envoy to Tang, China)

【interpretation】

Japanese diplomatic envoys were sent to Tang China to learn their administrative system and bring back state-of-the-art goods (at the time) to Japan. Envoys were sent over 10 times until the system was halted on the advice of Sugawara-no-Michizane.

An envoy ship to Tang China (Heijo-kyo History Museum)


Credit:Courtesy of Heijo-kyo History Museum


【Reference】
Heijo-kyo History Museum closes for a repair work.



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