You will see some pictures related to the dates when something important happened in the Asuka period or the Nara period.
If you click the date, you can see an answer and explanation of what happened on that day,
and relevant places. You will see both easy questions and difficult questions.

Quiz of September

  • Quiz1
  • Quiz2
  • Quiz3
  • Quiz4

巻き

do you understand this quiz

Question:
What happened on the 2nd day of the 9th month in the 1st year of Reiki (October 7, 715 by the solar calendar)?

Suzaku Gate at Heijo Palace Site

Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


answer

【Answer】

Succeeding Empress Genmei, Empress Gensho was enthroned on the 2nd day of the 9th month in the 1st year of Reiki (October 7, 715 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

Empress Gensho's parents were Prince Kusakabe and Empress Genmei, and Emperor Monmu was her half brother by the same mother. During her reign, the Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan) was compiled in 720 and the Sanze Isshin Law (permitting 3 generations' ownership of newly cultivated land) was implemented in 723. She handed over her throne to Emperor Shomu in the 1st year of Jinki (724).

Imperial Audience Hall at the Heijo Palace Site


Credit:Courtesy of Nara City Tourist Association


【Reference】
Access to the Heijo Palace Site: Take a bus (Nara Kotsu) from JR/Kintetsu Nara Station and get off at Heijo Kyuseki or Nijo-oji-minami 4-chome, then walk 5 minutes.
Or, walk 20 minutes east from Yamato Saidaiji Station (Kintetsu).

From JR/Kintetsu Nara Station to the Heijo Palace Site, the Gurutto Bus service is also available on weekends and holidays (fare:JPY100)

Question:
What happened on the 5th day of the 9th month in the 6th year of Empress Saimei's reign (October 17, 660 by the solar calendar)?

Asuka-dera Temple

Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


answer

【Answer】

On the 5th day of the 9th month in the 6th year of Empress Saimei's reign (October 17, 660 by the solar calendar), a messenger from Paekche brought the news of the fall of Paekche.

【interpretation】

Paekche was an ancient nation in the southwest part of Korean Peninsula. Since its establishment, it maintained a friendly relationship with Japan and introduced it to Buddhism and other cultures from the continent. The country was destroyed by the allied forces of Tang and Silla.

Asuka Daibutsu (Asuka-dera Temple)


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
Buddhism was brought from Paekche to Japan.
Asuka-dera Temple was built by Soga-no-Umako, and was the first full-scale Buddhist temple in Japan.

Access to Asuka-dera Temple:
From Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu), take a bus and get off at Asuka Daibutsu-mae. Or, walk about 40 minutes from Kashihara-jingu-mae Station (Kintetsu).

Question:
What happened on the 9th day of the 9th month in the 1st year of Akamitori (October 4, 686 by the solar calendar)?

Model of the Ebinoko Hall

Courtesy of the Museum, the Archaeological Institute of Kahsihara, Nara Prefecture


answer

【Answer】

Emperor Tenmu passed away on the 9th day of the 9th month in the first year of Akamitori (October 4, 686 by the solar calendar).

【interpretation】

After the victory in the Jinshin War, Emperor Tenmu was enthroned in Asuka. His wife was Princess Uno-no-Sarara, who later became Empress Jito. During his reign, Fuhonsen coins were minted, legal codes were created, national history was edited, and the construction of a new capital started in Fujiwara. After his death, Empress Jito succeeded these projects.

Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi burial mound


Credit:Courtesy of Asuka Village Board of Education


【Reference】
It is said that the Asuka Kiyomihara Palace was located at the supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace.

Access to the supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace: Please see right.

Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi is a joint burial mound for Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito.

Access to Hinokuma-no Ouchi-no Misasagi burial mound: 0.8km east from Asuka Station (Kintetsu Yoshino Line)

Question:
What happened on the 19th day of the 9th month in the 1st year of Empress Kogyoku's reign (October 20, 642 by the solar calendar)?

Supposed site of Asuka Itabuki Palace


answer

【Answer】

On the 19th day of the 9th month in the first year of Empress Kogyoku's reign (October 20, 642 by the solar calendar), Empress Kogyoku proclaimed her wish to build Asuka Itabuki Palace.

【interpretation】

This was also the location of the Isshi Incident, where Soga-no-Iruka would be killed. It is said that multiple palaces were built one after another at this site. A stone-paved square and a large stone well are currently being rebuilt.

Supposed site for Asuka Itabuki Palace



【Reference】
The supposed site for Asuka Itabuki Palace has been repaired as a historical site.

Access to the supposed site for Asuka Itabuki Palace: From Kashihara-jingu-mae or Asuka Station (Kintetsu), take an Asuka excursion bus and get off at Oka-Tenri-kyo-mae, and walk 5 minutes.



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