What is Chyōchyūmanroku ?
Chyōchyūmanroku is a document compiled by Tamai Sadatoki, who worked as a yoriki (a police sergeant) in a magistrate of Nara, and his descendants. In the Edo era, the Edo bakufu (Tokugawa shogunate) established a magistrate in Nara City and assigned a role that it ruled over territories in Yamato (It is located in Nara) under direct governmental control and kept Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines under its watchful eye. Yoriki means a high-ranking government official who assists a magistrate. The title of Chyōchyūmanroku means that the records of proceedings inside the magistrate were kept for no purpose. Chyōchyūmanroku, which is deposited in the Nara library, has 78 volumes today. But not all of them were named Chyōchyūmanroku at first. Most of them were given different titles. When they were arranged in the Tamai house later, 78 new serial numbers were put on them. That is the reason why these 78 volumes are called by the same name, Chyōchyūmanroku. The person who compiled most of Chyōchyūmanroku was Tamai Sadatoki. In 1646, he was born the eldest son of Izeki Rokudayū, who served as a yoriki (a police sergeant) in a magistrate in Nara. At first, Sadatoki was a subordinate of the Koriyama domain which had a castle in Yamato Koriyama city as it is known today. He investigated documentary records and traditions of Yamato. In 1679, when he was 33 years old, he followed in his father’s footsteps and became a yoriki (a police sergeant). He was ordered to search through documents and record them because there was a necessity to collect relevant documents in those days. After he retired, he continued the investigation and completed a sixteen-volume topography of Yamato, which was named Yamato Meishyōshi. In 1720, he passed away at the age of 75. Chyōchyūmanroku covers a wide range of contents including Yamato Meishyōshi, records of a law in a magistrate, investigation of Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines in which Sadatoki was involved, records of war and literature, and so on. It has outstanding qualities and quantity as a basic paper from 17th to the beginning of 18th centuries. Let’s read in detail about the history of Nara based on these valuable historical documents.